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  1. Mali expels Ecowas envoy amid pressure over polls

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    A supporter waits for the arrival of Colonel Assimi Goita, new president of the transitional government in Mali, on May 31, 2021.
    Image caption: Mali has been under pressure to hold democratic elections in February

    Mali has expelled the Ecowas regional bloc's representative in the country as pressure mounts on it to provide a definitive timeline on its transition to civilian rule.

    Hamodou Boly was summoned by the foreign affairs ministry and notified of the government's decision "declaring him 'persona non grata' in view of his actions [that are] incompatible with his status", a statement on state-run ORTM TV said.

    Mali has been at loggerheads with the regional body over demands to hold elections in February.

    The West African nation was suspended from Ecowas in May after the interim leader, Col Assimi Goïta,carried out a second coup in less than a year.

    Prime Minister Choguel Maïga has indicated that the election could be delayed, citing concerns over credibility.

    There is concern that the Malian army's preoccupation with the political crisis continues to jeopardise its response to the security crisis that has plagued its northern and central regions.

  2. Sudan protests continue for second day after coup

    BBC World Service

    Sudanese security forces keep watch as they protect a military hospital and government offices during protests against a military coup
    Image caption: Sudanese protesters have continued to pour out into the streets

    Crowds of Sudanese citizens are out on the streets of the capital, Khartoum, to protest for a second day against Monday's military coup.

    At least 10 people were reported killed and dozens injured, many of them as a result of soldiers opening fire on protesters.

    There is heavy security deployment and units have blocked the bridges connecting the city.

  3. Countries push for lifting of Zimbabwe sanctions

    The southern African regional bloc, Sadc, has called for the “unconditional and immediate” lifting of all sanctions against the Zimbabwean government.

    “As Sadc, we are concerned by the continuation of sanctions on some individuals or entities of Zimbabwe,” said a statement by Malawi President Lazarus Chakwera, who is the chairperson of the organisation that brings together together 16 countries.

    Mr Chakwera said the “prolonged” sanctions have hindered Zimbabwe’s prospects of “economic recovery, human security and sustainable growth”.

    Zimbabwe has been under economic sanctions from the US and the European Union (EU), targeting specific individuals and companies - which the government blames for the country's economic problems.

    The Sadc statement said Zimbabwe and the regional bloc were committed to talks with the relevant players to enhance democracy, governance and human rights.

    The EU and the US have cited a lack of progress in democratic and human rights reforms as well as restrictions on press freedoms.

  4. Egypt's leader lifts four-year state of emergency

    Youssef Taha

    Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

    Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has announced that he's ending the state of emergency which has been in force since April 2017 in the North African country.

    In a Facebook post, President Sisi announced that he would not be extending the state of emergency because Egypt had become "an oasis of security and stability".

    He imposed the strict measure four years ago in the aftermath of the bombings of two churches in the northern cities of Alexandria and Tanta.

    It gave police wider powers, curtailed civil liberties and put civilians on trial before military courts.

    Egypt is no stranger to states of emergency. The late President Hosni Mubarak imposed one following the assassination of his predecessor, Anwar Sadat, in 1981. It remained in place until he was toppled 30 years later.

    Mr Sisi has been Egypt's president since 2014, a year after he led the military's overthrow of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.

    He was re-elected in 2018 in an election which was boycotted by the opposition and condemned by human rights groups.

    More on this topic:

  5. US calls for Sudan's return to civilian rule

    US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has called for the "immediate restoration" of Sudan's civilian rule "without preconditions".

    Sudan's military seized power on Monday and soldiers have reportedly killed at least seven people and wounded 80 others after firing on protesting crowds.

    "The United States rejects the dissolution of the transitional government in Sudan by security forces," he tweeted.

    View more on twitter

    The US has halted $700m in direct aid to Sudan's government and called for the release of detained civilian leaders - who include Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.

    More on the Sudan coup:

  6. At least seven killed as Sudan protests continue

    BBC World Service

    Sudanese men protest against a military coup that overthrew the transition to civilian rule, on October 25, 2021 in the al-Shajara district in southern Khartoum.
    Image caption: Soldiers opened fired on protesters

    Crowds of angry Sudanese citizens have continued to protest through the night against Monday's military coup.

    At least seven people were reported killed and dozens injured, many of them as a result of soldiers opening fire on protesters.

    The UN has demanded that the military release the Prime Minister, Abdalla Hamdok, and other civilian leaders of the transitional government.

    The UN Security Council is due to hold an emergency session on Tuesday.

    In Washington, a State Department spokesman said they had been unable to contact the prime minister.

    In the days before the coup, Mr Hamdok warned of a dangerous crisis after one faction in the transitional government called for the military to takeover.

  7. Coup is not a done deal - analysis

    BBC Newshour

    BBC World Service

    A man carries tyres during protests in Khartoum.
    Image caption: People in Sudan are quick to mobilise when the military oversteps its mark, says Alex de Waal

    Events in Sudan have many hallmarks of a successful coup, yet Africa analyst Alex de Waal argues it's not a "done deal".

    "Whenever the military members of the hybrid arrangement we have now, whenever they tried to overstep the mark the street mobilised and pulled them back - and I suspect that is what we are going to see now," he told BBC Newshour.

    "All Sudanese were quite capable of seeing the stratagems that generals were playing over the last few weeks," he says, adding that "there is a tremendous resourceful capacity for civic mobilisation in Sudan, which we’ve seen recurrently since the overthrow of President Bashir in 2019."

    De Waal, who is executive director of the World Peace Foundation and a research professor at The Fletcher School at Tufts University, also said Sudan's military were "following the Egypt playbook, using protests and discontent as pretext for a military takeover".

    Yet he said, despite the Egyptian president's known sympathy for Sudan's military rulers, it was "quite striking" that the "Arab League has not come out in support of what is happening".

    "It’s not clear what backing Gen Burhan has for this move."

  8. Video content

    Video caption: e-Naira: Nigeria's new digital currency which is not a cryptocurrency

    Nigeria has officially unveiled the e-Naira, the first digital currency its kind to be issued through a government entity in Africa.

  9. The state of emergency won't deter civilians - analysis

    Mohamed Osman

    BBC Arabic, Khartoum

    The only surprise in the televised speech by Gen Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan was the announcement of the state of emergency.

    This now paves the way for more measures to be introduced under the pretext of emergency rule.

    When the state of emergency was enforced during the final days of President Omar al-Bashir in 2019, and later by the military council, many political figures and journalists were arrested.

    But when it comes to the coup itself, a lot of political observers were expecting what we saw today in Sudan. Even ordinary people were anticipating that something would happen.

    Gen Burhan and other army leaders have been expressing clear dissatisfaction lately in the power-sharing agreement with civilians.

    He had repeatedly said that deep divisions in the council, and the recent protests and sit-ins by civilians, were creating a state of chaos in the country.

    For him, what happened today was about getting the transitional period in Sudan back on track.

    But the civilian-led protest movement disagrees with this view, as the number of demonstrators on the street, which is expected to increase, attests to.

    The Sudanese people have proven more than once that a state of emergency will not stop them from taking to the streets to set out their demands.

  10. Video content

    Video caption: Protests against Sudan's military coup

    Demonstrators take to Khartoum's streets in opposition to arrests by the military of political leaders.

  11. How has the world reacted to Sudan's coup?

    The Newsroom

    BBC World Service

    Many world leaders have condemned the military takeover in Sudan, and called for opposing parties to dialogue:

    • The African Union says it learnt with deep dismay about the events in Sudan and has called for the immediate resumption of dialogue between the military and civilians.
    • The United States says it's deeply alarmed. The US special envoy for the Horn of Africa expressed support for the transitional government and said a coup would contravene the democratic aspirations of the Sudanese people.
    • The UN has condemned the coup. An envoy to Sudan said the detentions were unacceptable and called on all parties to immediately return to dialogue.
    • The Arab League said it was concerned for Sudan's transition to civilian rule.
    • The European Union's foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, called on all stakeholders and regional partners to put the process back on track.